The history of the 20th century is inseparably connected with wars, revolutions, forced changes of government and other political cataclysms in which the main role was often played by brilliant and extraordinary personalities: leaders, bosses. Impetuous was also the history of the legislative regulation of gambling and betting. They were allowed, then forbidden, then allowed again …
Many of these prohibitions and legalizations were directly related to the main political personalities of the 20th century. How adventurous were the most famous totalitarian rulers of the previous century, and what was their role in regulating organizing and gambling activities and betting?
When in a small town in Simbirsk little Volodya Ulyanov was born, none of the people around him, including his parents, could guess that one of the main heroes of the 20th century came to the world. After many years, it is already difficult to unambiguously evaluate UFABET the activities of Vladimir Lenin in the office of the president of the Soviet of National Commissars, but there is no doubt that he has gone down in history as the main ideologue of the brilliant ideas of communism. that the poor Russians tried so hard and never achieved despite the long road of 70 years.
It is not known with certainty whether Vladimir Lenin liked gambling, in his public speeches he never mentioned the words “gambling house” and “casino”. However, in his childhood, the future Ilyich played Russian chess and bowling (gorodki) with passion. Having grown up, he also played cards, alas, history does not give a single answer as to the games the head of the revolutionaries played and whether the bets were made.
It is interesting to know that even when Vladimir Ilyich was still alive, there were anecdotes and stories about his love for card games. But Ilyich’s most favorite game was still politics. But with regard to the regulation of the gaming industry, of course, Vladimir Ulyanov succeeded in the manner so typical of him.
Become a statesman, first of all, he began to fight against the bourgeois heritage, he established censorship. And he decided to establish an order in the game in addition to this. In the provisions of the military-revolutionary committee of Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) as of November 24, 1917, the task of “closing all the clubs and gambling dens where cards were played was established.” Despite this, in the spring of 1918, the Petrograd municipal economics commissioner, the future “head of all unions” M.I.Kalinin, taking into account the reimbursement interests of the state treasury, proposed the legalization of gambling. This proposal was rejected although “for revolutionary reasons” and all the gaming establishments were declared illegal.
In 1921, Vladimir Lenin introduced the NEP, so to speak, a new economic policy of the state in which the priority was no longer general equality and brotherhood, but that the young Soviet state earned money for its own budget for the realization of revolutionary ideas. It was at this time that the gambling business was founded in the Republic of Soviets. On November 9, 1921, the Soviet of Labor and Defense of the RSFSR issued a decree according to which the sale of playing cards was allowed on the territory of the country. Also in 1921, when the worst drought occurred in Russia, the first All-Russian lottery was held to help starving people.
Over the course of two years, local authorities allowed gambling houses to operate, following financial principles and collecting large amounts of taxes from gambling organizers. Despite this fact, at the end of 1923 a commission to combat “illegal alcohol, cocaine and gambling” was created in the USSR.
The fight against the game began to follow its usual Soviet course, however, Vladimir Lenin could not witness its end. On January 21, 1924, Lenin died. It happened just at the time of the flourishing of the Soviet gaming industry, but after half a year after his death, the CEC of the USSR and the SNC of the USSR issued a Decree of August 1, 1924 “on the state monopoly of the card production “. And then, still four years later, the gaming industry was finally banned in the USSR as a holdover from the old days that had to be scrapped.